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  • Identification of a hemolysis threshold that increases plasma and serum zinc concentration.  Killilea DW, et al. Journal of Nutrition, 2017.
  • Generalization and effectiveness of butterfly phlebotomy in reducing hemolysis.  D. Barnaby, et al. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2016.
  • Development of simple equations for effective screening of spurious hemolysis in whole blood specimens. Lippi G, et al. International Journal of Lab Hematology, 2014.
  • Influence of spurious hemolysis on blood gas analysis. Lippi G, et al. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 2013.
  • Use of butterfly needles to draw blood is independently associated with marked reduction in hemolysis compared to intravenous catheter. Wollowitz A, et al. Academic Emergency Medicine, 2013.
  • Harmonization of automated hemolysis index assessment and use: Is it possible? Dolci E, et al. Clinica Chimica Acta, 2013.
  • Effectiveness of practice to reduce blood sample hemolysis in EDs: A laboratory medicine best practices systematic review and meta-analysis. Heyer N et al. Clinical Biochemistry 2012.
  • Let the data speak: Decreasing hemolysis rates through education, practice, and disclosure. McGrath J et al. Journal of Emergency Nursing 2012.
  • An analysis of the bias in red blood cell hemolysis measurement using several analytical approaches. Acker J, Croteau I & Yi Q. Clinical Chimica Acta 2012.
  • Hemolysis of coagulation specimens: A comparative study of intravenous draw methods. Strauss M, Sherman B et al. Journal of Emergency Nursing 2012; 38(1): 15-21.
  • Use of separate venipunctures for IV access and laboratory studies decreases hemolysis rates. Straszewski S, Sanchez L, McGillicuddy D, Boyd K, DuFresne J, Joyce N, Wolfe R, Lee A, Fischer J & Mottley J. Internal Emergency Medicine 2011; 6: 357-359.
  • Haemolysis during sample preparation alters microRNA content of plasma. Kirschner M, Kao S, Edeman J, Armstrong N & Vallely M. Public Library of Science Open Access 2011, 6(9).
  • Obtaining blood samples from peripheral intravenous catheters: best practice? Halm MA & Gleaves M. American Journal of Critical Care 2009; 18(5): 474-478.
  • Hemolysis index: quality indicator or criterion for sample rejection? Plebani M & Lippi G. Clin Chem Lab Med 2009; 47(8): 899-902.
  • Multicenter evaluation of the hemolysis index in automated clinical chemistry systems. Lippi G, Luca Salvagno G, Blanckaert N, Giavarina D, Green S, Kitchen S, Palicka V, Vassault AJ & Plebani M. Clin Chem Lab Med 2009; 47(8): 934-939.
  • Haemolysis index - an estimate of preanalytical quality in primary health care. Soderberg J et al. Clin Chem Lab Med 2009; 47(8): 940-944.
  • Detection of haemolysis and reporting of potassium results in samples from neonates. Jeffery J, Sharma A & Aylin RM. Annals of Clin Biochem 2009; 46: 222-225.
  • Haemolysis: An overview of the leading cause of unsuitable specimens in clinical laboratories. Lippi G, Blanckaert N, Bonini P, Green S, Kitchen S, Palicka V, Vassault AJ & Plebani M. Clin Chem Lab Med 2008; 46(6): 764-772.
  • Nursing blood specimen collection techniques and hemolysis rates in an emergency department: analysis of venipuncture versus intravenous catheter collection techniques. Lowe G, Stike R, Pollack M, Bosley J, O'Brien P, Hake A, Landis G, Billings N, Gordon P, Manzella S & Stover T. Journal of Emergency Nursing 2008; 34(1): 26-32.
  • Randomized, single blinded control trial comparing haemolysis rate between two cannula apiration techniques. Dwyer D, Fry M, Somerville A & Holdgate A. Emergency Medicine Australasia 2006; 18: 484-488.
  • Measurements of free hemoglobin and hemolysis index: EDTA- or Lithium-Heparinate plasma? Unger J, Filippi G & Patsch W. Clinical Chemistry 2007; 53(9): 1717-18.
  • The effect of hemolysis on plasma antithrombin activity as determined by a chromogenic method. Van Der Merwe L, Reyers F. Vet Clin Pathol. 2007; 36(1):55-9.
  • Fainting and hemolysis during blood sampling in youngsters: Prevalence study. Vissers D, Matthyssen B, Truijen S, Blommaert S, Van De Velde K, Van Gaal L. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007.
  • Insufficient filling of vacuum tubes as a cause of microhemolysis and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels. Use of a data-mining technique in evaluation of questionable laboratory test results. Tamechika Y, Iwatani Y, Tohyama K & Ichihara K. Clin Chem Lab Med 2006; 44(5): 657-661.
  • Influence of Hemolysis on Routine Clinical Chemistry Testing. Giuseppe Lippi, Gian Luca Salvagno, Martina Montagnana, Giorgio Brocco and Gian Cesare Guidi. Clin Chem Lab Med 2006; 44:3, 311-316.
  • Interference of blood cell lysis on routine coagulation testing. Lippi G, Montagnana M, Salvagno GL, Guidi GC. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2006; 130(2):181-4.
  • In vitro and in vivo haemolysis and potassium measurement. Ismail A, Shingler W, Seneviratne J & Burrows G. BMJ 2005; 333: 949.
  • Hemolysis Caused by Surface Roughness Under Shear Flow. Osamu Maruyama, Yusuke Numata, Masahiro Nishida, Takashi Yamane, Ikuya Oshima, Yoshikazu Adachi and Toru Masuzawa. J Artif Organs 2005; 8:228-236.
  • Factors Affecting Hemolysis Rates in Blood samples Drawn from Newly Placed IV Sites in the Emergency Department. Lisa Dugan, Lida Leech, Karen Gabel Speroni and Joy Corriher. Journal of Emergency Nursing 2005; 31(1):338-345.
  • Hemolysis in needleless connectors for phlebotomy. Sharp MK & Mohammad SF. ASAIO Journal 2003; 128-130.
  • Hemolysis in serum samples drawn by emergency department personnel versus laboratory phlebotomists. Burns ER & Yoshikawa M. Laboratory Medicine 2002; 33(5): 378-380.
  • Reduction of hemolysis of blood specimens drawn from ED patients for routine chemistry tests by use of low vacuum collection tubes. Sixsmith DM, Weinbaum F, Cham SYA, Nussabaum M & Magdich K. Academic Emergency Medicine 2000; 7(5): 524.
  • Scaling of hemolysis in needles and catheters. Sharp MK & Mohammad SF. Annals of Biomedical Engineering 1998; 26: 788-797.
  • A comparison of hemolysis rates using intravenous catheters versus venipuncture tubes for obtaining blood samples. Kennedy C, Angermuller S, King R, Noviello S, Ealker J, Warden J & Vang S. Journal of Emergency Nursing 1996; 22(6): 566-569.
  • Haemolysis as an influence and interference factor in clinical chemistry. Guder WG. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 1986; 24(2): 125-6.
  • Hemoglobin interference from in vivo hemolysis. Blank DW, Kroll MH, Ruddel ME & Elin RJ. Clin Chem 1985; 31(9): 1566-1569.


Last modification on 15 August 2017

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